Weld Consumable Calculation for “Single V Groove joint”

This article is regarding the benefits of weld consumable calculation. Steps to calculate weld consumable & we will calculate weld consumable for single “V” groove joint.

 In welding, weld consumable estimation plays the vital role for complete the fabrication within time frame and at the possible minimum cost of weld metal as other cost of welding are fixed. There are many benefits of weld deposition calculation which are briefed below

  1. Welding cost can be minimized as required amount of consumable will be purchased.
  2. Last time hiccups can be avoid as we know the required quantity of consumable.
  3. Inventory problem can be resolved as required amount of consumable will be purchased.
  4. When we need to supply consumable to vendor we can supply the required quantity only.
  5. Early negotiations can be done with the supplier as per the quantity of the consumable.
  6. Wastage of consumable can be monitored easily if we know the consumable quantity to be consumed.

Above points illustrates the importance of weld consumable calculation. But many of our friends don’t know the basics of the weld consumable calculation in this article we will try to clear the basics of weld consumable calculation with a simple V groove design.

Steps to do Weld Consumable Calculation for Weld Joints

  1. Details of groove design.
  2. Calculate the area of the groove design. (including reinforcement)
  3. Calculate volume by multiplying the groove area with length of the weld. ( Volume = Area X Length)
  4. Multiply the weld volume with the density of the material to be deposited. (Weight = Volume X Density)
  5. Since we  get the required weld deposit for to fill-up groove, for welding electrode required in Kgs multiply with the deposition factors mentioned in table 1 for different welding processes.

Deposition Efficiency of Different Welding Process

Table 1
Sr. No.Welding ProcessDeposition Efficiency
1Gas Tungstun Arc Welding (GTAW/TIG)95-98%
2Sheilded Metal Arc Welding (SMAW)60-65%
3Gas Metal Arc Welding (GMAW)95-99%
4Flux Cored Arc Welding (FCAW)80-85%
5Submerged Arc Welding (SAW)99% excluding flux
Table-1-Deposition Efficiency of different welding process

Steps to calculate weld consumable prior to fabrication:

Let’s now calculate weld consumable required for the welding of ‘Single V Groove joint’, dimensions of groove are as mentioned below

Thickness of groove (T) : 15 mm

Bevel angle :  35°

Root Gap (G): 3 mm                                                                       

Reinforcement (R ): 3 mm

Length of weld (L): 1000 mm

Material CS Density (ρ) : 7.85 (gm/cm3)

Single V Groove Design, Single V groove, Consumable calculation, welding consumable calculation
Single V Groove Design

For calculation of area breakdown the groove design in the simplest form to calculate area, as shown in below figure we have cut the groove design in 4 parts so area can be calculated easily

Area of Part 3 (A3) : This part is a rectangle and area for rectangle is Length X Breadth

Length = 15 mm (Thickness of Groove) & Breadth = 3 mm (Root Gap of Groove)

Area of part 3 (A3)= 15 mm x 3 mm = 45 mm2

Area of Part 1 & 2 (A1 & A2) :  As these parts are triangle and the area for triangle is ½ X base X Height. Also part 2 and 3 has same bevel angle and thickness so area of both the parts will be equal.

So we will calculate area of any of one and other part will have same area.

We will calculate area for part 1

Height (Thickness of base material) = 15 mm

Base = tan35° X Height (Thickness of base metal) = tan35° X 15 mm = 10.503 mm

Area of part 1 = ½ X 10.503 X 15 = 78.7725 mm2

Area of part 2 (Same as area of part 1) = ½ X 7.095 X 15 = 78.7725 mm2

Area for part 4 (A4): The area of part will be approximately equal to Height of Cap(Reinforcement) Multiplied by Width of Cap(Reinforcement)

Height reinforcement = 3 mm

Width of reinforcement = 2 (tan35° X Thickness of base metal) + Root Gap

Width of reinforcement = (2(tan35° X 15)+3)+ = 24.006 mm

Area of Part 4 = (24.006 X 3) = 72.0186 mm2

Total Area of Groove = Area of Part 1 + Area of Part 2 + Area of Part 3 + Area of Part 4

Total Area of Groove = 45 + 78.7725 + 78.7725 + 72.0186 =274.5636 mm2

Total Volume of Joint = Area of groove X Weld Length

                                       = 274.5636 x 1000 (Considering weld length 1000mm)= 274563 mm3

Weight of required weld consumable =Volume X Density

To get weight in KG = Volume (mm3) X Density (g/cm3)/1000000

Weight of required weld consumable in Kg = (274563 X 7.85)/1000000 = 2.155 Kgs

You can calculate ‘Single V’ consumable from below by entering mentioned parameters

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2 thoughts on “Weld Consumable Calculation for “Single V Groove joint””

  1. Abhishek Vyas

    Please recheck and correct the deposition efficiency table. For GMAW and FCAW the values looks to have got interchanged.

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