Hot cracking is a metallurgical phenomenon that often occurs during welding and casting processes, leading to structural defects and compromised material integrity. Understanding hot cracking and its causes is crucial for engineers, welders, and anyone involved in the fabrication of metal components. In this blog, we will delve into the world of hot cracking weld […]
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Sensitization is a phenomenon that can occur in stainless steel. It is a critical concept that needs to be understood as it can adversely affect the performance of stainless steel. This causes the steel or alloy to become susceptible to intergranular corrosion or intergranular stress corrosion cracking (SCC). What are stainless steels? Stainless steels are
Austenite and ferrite stabilizing elements are terms used in the context of alloying elements in steel and other materials to describe their influence on the microstructure and phase composition of the material. These elements promote the formation of either the austenite phase or the ferrite phase, which are two different crystal structures in metallic materials.
In the world of metallurgy and welding, certain alloy steels are revered for their exceptional high-temperature properties, among them being P91 and P92. These alloys find extensive use in power plants, industrial boilers, and other high-temperature applications. However, there’s an interesting restriction imposed on these materials: the combined content of Nickel (Ni) and Manganese (Mn)
Welding P91 material, a high-strength, heat-resistant alloy often used in high-temperature applications such as power plants, requires careful consideration of the welding process and the choice of welding electrodes. Both E9015-B91 and E9018-B91 electrodes can be used for this purpose, but E9015-B91 is preferred.
The selection of a specific welding electrode for welding stainless steel, such as SS321, depends on various factors including the application, welding process, and the desired properties of the weld joint. E347 and E321 are both stainless steel welding electrodes, but they have different chemical compositions and are designed for different purposes: Chemical composition of
Regardless of the welding process you use, there are always several factors to consider in order to achieve the best weld quality. From selecting the correct power source to choosing an appropriate filler metal and the most durable gun or torch, each item contributes significantly to the overall success of the application.But what about other
Temper embrittlement is a phenomenon in metallurgy where certain materials, particularly alloys and steels, become susceptible to brittle fracture and reduced toughness when exposed to specific temperature ranges. This embrittlement occurs as a result of changes in the microstructure of the material, leading to a decrease in its ductility and impact resistance. The primary mechanism
The physical characteristics of materials that allow them to withstand applied forces or loads are referred to as mechanical properties. The performance of materials in diverse applications is greatly influenced by these properties. Mechanical properties of materials are very important for designing of machines tools and structure. Mechanical properties must be taken into account and
Welding is a critical process used in various industries to join metals and create strong, durable structures. To ensure the quality and integrity of welded joints, various factors must be considered, and one of the most crucial steps in this process is preheating. Preheating in welding is a method of raising the temperature of the